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In a recent Labour Court (“LC”) judgment (South African Sports Confederation and Olympic Committee vs. ‘Vinesh’ Maharaj & Others), the LC had to decide whether an investigation report compiled by (external) legal counsel (attorneys) after the conclusion of an independent investigation is relevant to the...

INTRODUCTION South African motorists who commit traffic offences will soon receive demerit points which can lead to their licenses being suspended, and ultimately challenged. The Administrative Adjudication of Road Traffic Offences (“AARTO”) Act has, since 2008, proposed a demerit system for road infringements, to be effective...

An operational requirement - still a needle in a haystack? A Covid vaccine is intended to provide immunity against COVID -19 by prompting the recipient’s immune system to produce anti-bodies. Simple in modern science, yet complex in the application! Vaccines go through rigorous testing and sometimes-take-years-to-be-rolled-out....